Ten copywriting ‘rules’ you should break before you dieFebruary 25, 2014
Doncha just hate ’em?
Do this. Don’t do that.
Show me a rule and I’ll show you a baseball bat.
Copywriting is plagued with rules.
You know, you buy a book by someone who says they’re going to teach you how to write copy and it’s full of bloody rules.
So, let’s try a little experiment.
Let’s break some rules.
Starting with these ten.
1 The best headlines have benefits in them
So how did this ad manage to sell literally millions of Beetles to Americans in love with massive gas-guzzlers?
How about trying a controversial, shocking or just plain weird headline instead.
And since subject lines are a form of headline, this one should have tanked. Instead, it did rather well.
A conference that was in its 21st year.
A conversation that revealed that one billion dollars’ worth of deals had been struck there.
Hilary Swank winning Best Actress Oscar for Billion Dollar Baby.
Simmer for five minutes. Stir occasionally.
Sell loads of conference places.
“What a wake-up call. Our tried (or should that read ‘tired’) and tested headlines were blown away by your ‘Billion Dollar Baby’ subject line. Our open and click-through rates went through the roof, and delegate registrations spiked dramatically within hours of broadcast. Great job – here’s to the next campaign.”
Jason Coles Marketing Manager Euromoney Seminars
The best headline for your next campaign is the one that gains the most sales, conversions, enquiries or sign-ups. That’s all. The end.
Who knows, you might invent a new formula. Heaven knows, the world’s ready for one.
2 Talk about the reader, not yourself
Yes, yes, we know. You have to write three “you”s for every “I”.
But what if you wrote a story in the first-person singular?
Dear Smart Investor,
Last week I did something unusual. I didn’t expect it to work. It had no right to work. But when I checked my bank balance this morning, guess what? It had worked.
I made a 673% return on an investment my bank manager said was stupid. My accountant laughed at. And my wife threatened to divorce me over.
Now I’m going to show you exactly what I did and why I’m now browsing the Mercedes website.
I think your reader would still be reading.
3 Write short sentences
Rudolf Flesch? Nothing spesh!
His Readability Score has had generations of copywriters tying themselves in knots trying to hit the magic 60%.
Tut, tut – you had a 46-word sentence. Go to the back of the class.
Forget Rudie. Let’s write long sentences instead. Let’s write REALLY long sentences.
In fact, as an experiment-within-an-experiment, let’s write an email that is one single sentence, from Dear Mr. Sample, to Kind regards.
Maybe the curiosity factor and the sheer unbrokenness of the thought will keep our reader hooked.
4 Make your copy easy to scan
Headings, graphics, bullet points, arrows – the whole paraphernalia of navigability.
What if we didn’t include any?
What if our writing was so compelling that our reader had no choice but to read it from start to finish?
Have you ever seen headings in a novel?
When was the last time you saw a list of bullet points in a film review?
Do your personal emails have ‘navigation’ in them?
Scanability is necessary if your writing is so obviously commercial that your reader needs to get the message as fast as possible, reading as little as possible.
Try emulating the style of a friend’s email and maybe your reader will simply want to keep reading.
5 Don’t use italics – they slow people down
Italicised text is harder to read than roman.
So setting your entire text in italics is going to make it very hard to read.
But there is experimental evidence from behavioural psychologists that although subjects reported that they found italicised text hard to read, when tested on comprehension, they scored higher than those who’d been presented with an identical text without italics.
6 Don’t use all-caps – they’re shouty
‘OH, NO,’ THE ‘NETIQUETTE’ GURU TELLS YOU, YOU MUST NEVER USE ALL CAPS. IT’S LIKE SHOUTING.
AND, THE COGNITIVE SCIENTIST WEIGHS IN, WORDS SET IN ALL CAPS ARE HARDER TO READ THAN THOSE SET IN LOWER CASE.
BUT AS WITH ITALICS, SOMETIMES, SLOWING PEOPLE DOWN COULD BE A GOOD THING.
ALSO, SHOUTING ISN’T AGAINST THE LAW.
SUPPOSING YOU DID AN A/B TEST AND THE SHOUTY ONE WON? THEN WHAT?
7 Get straight to the point
People have short attention spans.
So with only 1, 5, or 17.6745 seconds to grab someone’s attention, we are advised to get straight to it.
What’s in it for me?
What’s the main benefit?
Where’s the beef?
Here’s aletter that, to date, has brought The Wall Street Journal over $2 billion in subscriptions revenue.
Look at the first sentence.
On a beautiful late spring afternoon, twenty-five years ago, two young men graduated from the same college.
Yeah, I see. The point. If I subscribe to the WSJ I’ll be rich.
Try starting your next email, landing page or brochure with a story.
Your reader will be powerless to resist.
8 Make sure your grammar is impeccable
Sure. Why not?
A chatty email from an everyday working stiff?
Start it ‘Last night, me and the wife made an interesting discovery’.
A brochure from a firm of solicitors that reads …
‘You can leave your property to whomever you choose.’
Grammatically correct; commercially crapismus maximus. (That’s Latin, that is. Something else you’re not supposed to do.)
9 Use a friendly tone of voice
Well, it depends what you’re trying to do, doesn’t it?
If you’re chasing payment or writing a disciplinary letter, I’d suggest friendly may be off the mark.
In a renewal letter from presenter Jeremy Clarkson for BBC Top Gear Magazine, I wrote this:
What are you playing at? You know there’s only one issue to go before your subscription finishes. And Michael, the Editor, has written to you THREE TIMES!
Either you’re about to join the greeny-weeny, ‘let’s get married to a dolphin’ nitwits and let your Top Gear subscription expire like some thrashed-to-death Impreza. Or you’re going to do what tens of thousands of other driving enthusiasts have already done and renew it.
Like I always say (OK, I have never said before today), nobody never got rich by not insulting their customers.
10 Longer copy sells better than shorter
I like to start fights at conferences by insisting that the more you tell the more you sell.
But <whispers>, what if the reverse were true?
Maybe, for your product, shorter copy is better.
Test it. Quick.
You could save hours of time and probably thousands in external copywriters’ fees.
Look at this ad for Patek Philippe watches.
Twenty-five grand watch. Sixteen words.
PP seems to be doing all right with this long-running campaign of virtually no copy.
Maybe you could be too.
Of course, getting the right combination of 16 words out of the trillions available could be a struggle… but worth a test, at least.
And I’m telling you this because
Would you like the following written on your tombstone?
“Always followed the rules.”
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